Pick up any sports magazine and you will find countless advertisements for protein supplements, shakes, and bars. These ads have flashy logos to catch athletes’ attention and claim that their products increase energy and stamina, build muscle faster, and reduce soreness with no harm to the user.
While most of these supplements are marketed toward adults, many teen athletes also utilize these products. According to aboutkidshealth.com, a not-for-profit children’s health group based in Canada, 30–40% of teens use some kind of supplement. Are these supplements healthy and beneficial for teens or even necessary for optimal performance?
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, protein is a very important part of your body. It is an essential component for building and repairing healthy bones, muscles, cartilage, skin, and blood. Protein in athletes is used to repair muscle broken down during exercise.
WebMD.com suggests that teenage boys should consume approximately 52 grams of protein a day and that teenage girls should consume approximately 46 grams of protein a day. The US Department of Agriculture’s MyPyramid says that protein consumption should be between 17% and 21% of daily calorie consumption.
Dr. Teri McCambridge, chairwoman for the American Academy of Pediatrics' Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness, says in an article on livestrong.com that, “Teens especially eat more than enough protein.” She believes that teens already receive their daily protein needs by eating everyday foods and do not need the extra protein that bars and shakes provide. She says that they do not provide any health benefit to teens and are an unnecessary addition to a teen’s sport diet.
Kidshealth.org agrees with this statement saying that, “Extra protein supplements are unneeded and that having too much protein in a person’s body can actually be harmful”. Studies have shown that too much protein can cause dehydration, calcium loss, and in some cases kidney problems.
On the other hand, Dr. Rick Hursel from Maastricht University located in The Netherlands, reported in October of 2009 in the British Journal of Nutrition that protein supplements provide a higher metabolic rate in teen athletes, which in turn provides an increase in healthy muscle tissue.
Dr. John Ivy, a professor in Kinesiology and Health Education from the University of Texas at Austin, wrote in an article for livestrong.com in 2004 that, “Protein supplements promote healthy muscle recovery and reduce the risk of overtraining”. Other suggested benefits of protein supplements in teens include an improved immune system and an overall increase in health.
Apart from the suggested physical benefits of protein supplements, there is another advantage. In a 2008 study from George Washington University, published in the Journal of Psychiatric Research, researchers discovered that a higher level of protein is beneficial for both kids and teens that suffer from Attention Deficit Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or other learning disorders. They found that increasing the protein level in a child is an effective way to develop and raise concentration levels. Jacob Parker
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License